LGBTwhat? - What does this actually mean? A Pride ABC.
June is considered Pride Month. But what does Pride actually mean and what does LGBTI* actually stand for? These questions are important because awareness is constantly growing in this direction. While the abbreviation “LGBT” was used at the beginning, it can now be much longer: “LGBTI*”, “LGBTQ+”, “LGBTIQ” or “LGBTQQIAA”. At a time when awareness of gender and gender equality is becoming increasingly important, it cannot therefore be wrong to know what we are talking about.
A like Allies and asexuell
This refers to people who do not identify themselves as LGTBI*, but who support the equality of LGBTI* people.
Those who are asexual can build a romantic relationship with other people, but have no need for sexual contact. Many asexual people still have sex in a relationship with their partner to love.
B like binary and bisexual
A binary system (or binary) assumes that there are two opposing, mutually exclusive units, parts, or states. In this context, a binary system of two sexes (male/female) goes. The binarity has often been criticized because it tries to reduce the complexity of reality to greatly simplified opposites.
Bisexuality is the sexual orientation in which a person can be attracted to both sexes. In the binary system of heterosexual and homosexual, bisexuality therefore often acts as irritating.
C like cisgender and Coming-Out
If the congenital biological sex and the social gender identity match in a person, this is called cisgender. A person born in a female body and identifying himself as a woman can therefore be described as cis-female.
The coming-out (also: Outing or outing) denotes the (public) commitment (and the process there) to a different sexual orientation than the heterosexual or. heteronormatives. The outing can also take place step by step, e.g. Outing in the family, with friends…
D like diversity and Drag
The concept of diversity (diversity) sees humanity as a colorful diversity with all its differences. Diversity is against discrimination and for equal opportunities and equality. Since the beginning of 2019, there has been a third status in Germany besides “male” and “female”: “divers”- see “intersexual”.
Drag refers to the art of disguise in the opposite sex and is originally the abbreviation for “dressed as a girl”. A drag queen is called men who usually dress up as women in artistic or humorous terms and in an extremely oversubscribed way. In contrast, a drag king is a woman who mimics the male stereotypes by dressing up.
G like gay and Gender
Literally translated, gay stands for gay (but it can be called “happy” or “colorful”). Often, however, the use of the word is limited to the meaning “gay”, although in the true sense “lesbian” is also included.
The term “gender” refers to the social sex (as opposed to English. sex = biological sex). This means that a person’s gender identity is the result of socio-cultural categories (self-perceptions, role traits, …).
H like heteronormative and Homophobia
Heteronormativity is the view that heterosexuality should be regarded as “normal” and “natural”, and that other sexual orientations should therefore be regarded as “unnormal”. Heterosexuality and a binary system are thus made the social norm.
Homophobia describes dislike or hatred, intolerance or prejudice against homosexuals and bisexuals. This can manifest itself in verbal, emotional, psychological, but also violent physical attacks or sexual abuse.
I like intersex
Since the beginning of 2019, the third gender “divers” has officially been available in Germany. It is used, for example, in people who, because of their biological characteristics, cannot be attributed to the status of “male” or to the status of “female”. These biological peculiarities in gender differentiation are called intersexuality.
L like lesbian and LGBTQQIAA
Gay women are called lesbians. This means the emotional and/or sexual orientation from woman to woman.
The (pretty long) abbreviation stands for “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, inter, asexual and allies”. The most common abbreviation in this direction is LGBT, while in the German LGBTI* (or LGBTI+) are also established. The gender asterisk or the plus symbol should include any other identities and orientations.
P like pansexual and Pride
Those who are pansexual (also omnisexual) do not make a pre-selection by gender or gender identity (as opposed to bisexuality). So pansexual people can cit in not only Cis men or cis women, but also trans men, trans women and intersex people.
Pride means pride in dealing with one’s own sexual identity. The Pride parades as part of a CSD or Pride Month in June stand for respect for one’s own value: pride in being who (or how) you are.
Q like queer and questioning
"Queer" literally means “different” or “deviating from the norm”. Initially used as an insult, the word experienced a positive upswing and has become a collective term for sexual orientations and gender identities.
While the term is not yet so familiar in the German-speaking world, it stands in English for a person who is not yet sure of his sexual orientation and/or gender identity.
T like transsexuality
Transsexuality is the term for people who do not live the gender assigned to them by birth, i.e. are almost born in the wrong body (as opposed to cisgender). In some cases, an operative gender reassignment is taking place or has already taken place.
Conclusion: Love is colorful.
On social networks, handouts but also on the rainbow portal of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, abbreviations such as “LGBTQ”, “LGBTIQ” or “LGBTIQA” appear.
In my (modest) opinion, however, the Q should not appear in this abbreviation, as it is understood as a collective term for all the other terms. The Q thus basically replaces the plus or the asterisk by supplementing all identities, but at the same time makes the preceding letters unnecessary, since it includes them.
In my opinion, queer means exactly that: lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, asexual, pansexual, intersex, … However, I do not want anyone to feel marginalised in any way. I know that even in queer circles there is no tolerance towards others. Certain orientations, gender identities or preferences continue to be discriminated against, even though society thrives on its diversity. People experience discrimination on the basis of a wide variety of characteristics: skin colour, language, origin, religion or sexual orientation. Anyone who takes to the streets as part of Pride Month to stand up for equality and the rights of queer people should first take their own noses.